Nobelpreise

Die Umwelt-Suchmaschine


 

Ort

Stockholm

Stockholm

Stockholm

Stockholm

Oslo

 

Königlich Schwedischen Akademie der Wissenschaften

Königlich Schwedischen Akademie der Wissenschaften

Karolinska-Institut

Schwedischen Akademie

Norwegisches Nobelkomitee

Jahr

Physik

Chemie

Medizin

Literatur

Frieden

1901

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

Jacobus H. van ’t Hoff

Emil von Behring

Sully Prudhomme

Henry Dunant

 

 

 

 

 

Frederic Passy

1902

Hendrik Antoon Lorentz

Emil Fischer

Ronald Ross

Theodor Mommsen

Elie Ducommun

 

Pieter Zeeman

 

 

 

Albert Gobat

1903

Henri Becquerel

Svante Arrhenius

Niels Ryberg Finsen

Björnstjerne Björnson

William Randal Cremer

 

Marie Curie

 

 

 

 

 

Pierre Curie

 

 

 

 

1904

John William Strutt

William Ramsay

Iwan Pawlow

Frederic Mistral

Institut für internationales Recht

 

 

 

 

Jose Echegaray

 

1905

Philipp Lenard

Adolf von Baeyer

Robert Koch

Henryk Sienkiewicz

Bertha von Suttner

1906

Joseph John Thomson

Henri Moissan

Camillo Golgi

Giosue Carducci

Theodore Roosevelt

 

 

 

Santiago Ramon y Cajal

 

 

1907

Albert A. Michelson

Eduard Buchner

Alphonse Laveran

Rudyard Kipling

Ernesto Teodoro Moneta

 

 

 

 

 

Louis Renault

1908

Gabriel Lippmann

Ernest Rutherford

Ilja Metschnikow

Rudolf Eucken

Klas Pontus Arnoldson

 

 

 

Paul Ehrlich

 

Fredrik Bajer

1909

Guglielmo Marconi

Wilhelm Ostwald

Theodor Kocher

Selma Lagerlöf

Auguste Beernaert

 

Ferdinand Braun

 

 

 

Paul Henri d’Estournelles de Constant

1910

Johannes Diderik van der Waals

Otto Wallach

Albrecht Kossel

Paul Heyse

Ständiges Internationales Friedensbüro

1911

Wilhelm Wien

Marie Curie

Allvar Gullstrand

Maurice Maeterlinck

Tobias Asser

 

 

 

 

 

Alfred Fried

1912

Gustaf Dalen

Victor Grignard

Alexis Carrel

Gerhart Hauptmann

Elihu Root

 

 

Paul Sabatier

 

 

 

1913

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Alfred Werner

Charles Richet

Rabindranath Tagore

Henri La Fontaine

1914

Max von Laue

Theodore William Richards

Robert Barany

./.

./.

1915

William Bragg

Richard Willstätter

./.

Romain Rolland

./.

 

Lawrence Bragg

./.

./.

./.

./.

1916

./.

./.

./.

Verner von Heidenstam

./.

1917

Charles Glover Barkla

./.

./.

Karl Gjellerup

Internationales Komitee vom Roten Kreuz

 

 

 

 

Henrik Pontoppidan

./.

1918

Max Planck

Fritz Haber

./.

./.

./.

1919

Johannes Stark

./.

Jules Bordet

Carl Spitteler

Woodrow Wilson

1920

Charles Edouard Guillaume

Walther Nernst

August Krogh

Knut Hamsun

Leon Bourgois

1921

Albert Einstein

Frederick Soddy

./.

Anatole France

Hjalmar Branting

 

 

 

 

 

Christian Lange

1922

Niels Bohr

Francis W. Aston

Archibald V. Hill

Jacinto Benavente

Fridtjof Nansen

 

 

 

Otto Meyerhof

 

 

1923

Robert A. Millikan

Fritz Pregl

Frederick G. Banting

William Butler Yeats

./.

 

 

 

John Macleod

 

 

1924

Manne Siegbahn

./.

Willem Einthoven

Wladyslaw Reymont

./.

1925

James Franck

Richard Zsigmondy

./.

George Bernard Shaw

Austen Chamberlain

 

Gustav Hertz

 

 

 

Charles G. Dawes

1926

Jean-Baptiste Perrin

Theodor Svedberg

Johannes Fibiger

Grazia Deledda

Aristide Briand

 

 

 

 

 

Gustav Stresemann

1927

Arthur Holly Compton

Heinrich Wieland

Julius Wagner-Jauregg

Henri Bergson

Ferdinand Buisson

 

C.T.R.  Wilson

 

 

 

Ludwig Quidde

1928

Owen Willans Richardson

Adolf Windaus

Charles Nicolle

Sigrid Undset

./.

1929

Louis de Broglie

Arthur Harden

Christiaan Eijkman

Thomas Mann

Frank B. Kellogg

 

 

Hans von Euler-Chelpin

Frederick Hopkins

 

 

1930

C.V. Raman

Hans Fischer

Karl Landsteiner

Sinclair Lewis

Nathan Söderblom

1931

./.

Carl Bosch

Otto Warburg

Erik Axel Karlfeldt

Jane Addams

 

 

Friedrich Bergius

 

 

Nicholas Murray Butler

1932

Werner Heisenberg

Irving Langmuir

Charles Sherrington

John Galsworthy

./.

 

 

 

Edgar Adrian

 

 

1933

Erwin Schrödinger

./.

Thomas H. Morgan

Iwan Bunin

Norman Angell

 

Paul A.M. Dirac

 

 

 

 

1934

./.

Harold C. Urey

George H. Whipple

Luigi Pirandello

Arthur Henderson

 

 

 

George R. Minot

 

 

 

 

 

William P. Murphy

 

 

1935

James Chadwick

Frederic Joliot

Hans Spemann

./.

Carl von Ossietzky

 

 

Irene Joliot-Curie

 

 

 

1936

Victor F. Hess

Peter Debye

Henry Dale

Eugene O’Neill

Carlos Saavedra Lamas

 

Carl D. Anderson

 

Otto Loewi

 

 

1937

Clinton Davisson

Norman Haworth

Albert Szent-Györgyi

Roger Martin du Gard

Robert Cecil

 

George Paget Thomson

Paul Karrer

 

 

 

1938

Enrico Fermi

Richard Kuhn

Corneille Heymans

Pearl S. Buck

Internationales Nansen-Amt für Flüchtlinge

1939

Ernest Lawrence

Adolf Butenandt

Gerhard Domagk[

Frans Eemil Sillanpää

./.

 

 

Leopold Ruzicka

 

 

 

1940

./.

./.

./.

./.

./.

1941

./.

./.

./.

./.

./.

1942

./.

./.

./.

./.

./.

1943

Otto Stern

George de Hevesy

Henrik Dam

./.

./.

 

 

 

Edward A. Doisy

./.

./.

1944

Isidor Isaac Rabi

Otto Hahn

Joseph Erlanger

Johannes V. Jensen

Internationales Komitee vom Roten Kreuz

 

 

 

Herbert S. Gasser

 

 

1945

Wolfgang Pauli

Artturi Virtanen

Alexander Fleming

Gabriela Mistral

Cordell Hull

 

 

 

Ernst B. Chain

 

 

 

 

 

Howard Florey

 

 

1946

Percy W. Bridgman

James B. Sumner

Hermann J. Muller

Hermann Hesse

Emily Greene Balch

 

 

John H. Northrop

 

 

John R. Mott

 

 

Wendell M. Stanley

 

 

 

1947

Edward V. Appleton

Robert Robinson

Carl Cori

André Gide

Friends Service Council

 

 

 

Gerty Cori

 

American Friends Service Committee

 

 

 

Bernardo Houssay

 

 

1948

Patrick M.S. Blackett

Arne Tiselius

Paul Müller

T. S. Eliot

./.

1949

Hideki Yukawa

William F. Giauque

Walter Hess

William Faulkner

John Boyd Orr

 

 

 

Egas Moniz

 

 

1950

Cecil Powell

Otto Diels

Edward C. Kendall

Bertrand Russell

Ralph Bunche

 

 

Kurt Alder

Tadeus Reichstein

 

 

 

 

 

Philip S. Hench

 

 

1951

John Cockcroft

Edwin M. McMillan

Max Theiler

Pär Lagerkvist

Leon Jouhaux

 

Ernest T.S. Walton

Glenn T. Seaborg

 

 

 

1952

Felix Bloch

Archer J. P. Martin

Selman A. Waksman

Francois Mauriac

Albert Schweitzer

 

Edward M. Purcell

Richard L. M. Synge

 

 

 

1953

Frits Zernike

Hermann Staudinger

Hans Krebs

Winston Churchill

George C. Marshall

 

 

Fritz Lipmann

 

 

 

1954

Max Born

Linus Pauling

John F. Enders

Ernest Hemingway

Hoher Flüchtlingskommissar der Vereinten Nationen (UNHCR)

 

Walther Bothe

 

Thomas H. Weller

 

 

 

 

 

Frederick C. Robbins

 

 

1955

Willis E. Lamb

Vincent du Vigneaud

Hugo Theorell

Halldor Laxness

./.

 

Polykarp Kusch

 

 

 

 

1956

William B. Shockley

Cyril Hinshelwood

André F. Cournand

Juan Ramón Jiménez

./.

 

John Bardeen

Nikolai Nikolajewitsch Semjonow

Werner Forßmann

 

 

 

Walter H. Brattain

 

Dickinson W. Richards

 

 

1957

Chen Ning Yang

Alexander R. Todd

Daniel Bovet

Albert Camus

Lester Pearson

 

Tsung-Dao Lee

 

 

 

 

1958

Pawel A. Tscherenkow

Frederick Sanger

George Beadle

Boris Pasternak

Georges Pire

 

Ilja M. Frank

 

Edward Tatum

 

 

 

Igor J. Tamm

 

Joshua Lederberg

 

 

1959

Emilio Segre

Jaroslav Heyrovsky

Severo Ochoa

Salvatore Quasimodo

Philip Noel-Baker

 

Owen Chamberlain

 

Arthur Kornberg

 

 

1960

Donald A. Glaser

Willard Libby

Frank Macfarlane Burnet

Saint-John Perse

Albert Luthuli

 

 

 

Peter Medawar

 

 

1961

Robert Hofstadter

Melvin Calvin

Georg von Bekesy

Ivo Andric

Dag Hammarskjöld

 

Rudolf Mößbauer

 

 

 

 

1962

Lew Landau

Max F. Perutz

Francis Crick

John Steinbeck

Linus Pauling

 

 

John C. Kendrew

James Watson

 

 

 

 

 

Maurice Wilkins

 

 

1963

Eugene Wigner

Giulio Natta

Alan Hodgkin

Giorgos Seferis

Internationales Komitee vom Roten Kreuz

 

Maria Goeppert-Mayer

 

Andrew F. Huxley

 

Liga der Rotkreuz-Gesellschaften

 

J. Hans D. Jensen

 

 

 

 

1964

Charles H. Townes

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

Konrad Bloch

Jean-Paul Sartre[

Martin Luther King

 

Nikolai G. Bassow

 

Feodor Lynen

 

 

 

Alexander M. Prochorow

 

 

 

 

1965

Sin-Itiro Tomonaga

Robert B. Woodward

Francois Jacob

Michail Scholochow

Kinderhilfswerk der Vereinten Nationen (UNICEF)

 

Julian Schwinger

 

Andre Lwoff

 

 

 

Richard Feynman

 

Jacques Monod

 

 

1966

Alfred Kastler

Robert Mulliken

Peyton Rous

Nelly Sachs

./.

 

 

 

Charles B. Huggins

 

 

1967

Hans Bethe

Manfred Eigen

Ragnar Granit

Miguel Angel Asturias

./.

 

 

Ronald G. W. Norrish

Haldan K. Hartline

 

 

 

 

George Porter

George Wald

 

 

1968

Luis Alvarez

Lars Onsager

Robert W. Holley

Yasunari Kawabata

Rene Cassin

 

 

 

Har Gobind Khorana

 

 

 

 

 

Marshall W. Nirenberg

 

 

1969

Murray Gell-Mann

Derek Barton

Max Delbrück

Samuel Beckett

Internationale Arbeitsorganisation

 

 

Odd Hassel

Alfred D. Hershey

 

 

 

 

 

Salvador E. Luria

 

 

1970

Hannes Alfven

Luis Leloir

Bernard Katz

Alexander Solschenizyn

Norman Borlaug

 

Louis Neel

 

Ulf von Euler

 

 

 

 

 

Julius Axelrod

 

 

1971

Dennis Gabor

Gerhard Herzberg

Earl W. Sutherland

Pablo Neruda

Willy Brandt

1972

John Bardeen

Christian Anfinsen

Rodney R. Porter

Heinrich Böll

./.

 

Leon N. Cooper

Stanford Moore

 

 

 

 

Robert Schrieffer

William H. Stein

 

 

 

1973

Leo Esaki

Ernst Otto Fischer

Karl von Frisch

 

 

 

Ivar Giaever

Geoffrey Wilkinson

Konrad Lorenz

Patrick White

Henry Kissinger

 

Brian D. Josephson

 

Nikolaas Tinbergen

 

Le Đuc Thọ

1974

Martin Ryle

Paul Flory

Albert Claude

Harry Martinson

Sean MacBride

 

Antony Hewish

 

Christian de Duve

Eyvind Johnson

Sato Eisaku

 

 

 

George E. Palade

 

 

1975

Aage Niels Bohr

John W. Cornforth

David Baltimore

Eugenio Montale

Andrei Sacharow

 

Ben Mottelson

Vladimir Prelog

Renato Dulbecco

 

 

 

James Rainwater

 

Howard M. Temin

 

 

1976

Burton Richter

William Lipscomb

Baruch S. Blumberg

Saul Bellow

Betty Williams

 

Samuel C.C. Ting

 

D. Carleton Gajdusek

 

Mairead Corrigan

1977

Philip Warren Anderson

Ilya Prigogine

Roger Guillemin

Vicente Aleixandre

Amnesty International

 

Sir Nevill F. Mott

 

Andrew V. Schally

 

 

 

John H. Van Vleck

 

Rosalyn Yalow

 

 

1978

Pjotr Kapiza

Peter Mitchell

Werner Arber

Isaac Bashevis Singer

Anwar as-Sadat

 

Arno Penzias

 

Daniel Nathans

 

Menachem Begin

 

Robert Woodrow Wilson

 

Hamilton O. Smith

 

 

1979

Sheldon Glashow

Herbert C. Brown

Allan M. Cormack

Odysseas Elytis

Mutter Teresa

 

Abdus Salam

Georg Wittig

Godfrey Hounsfield

 

 

 

Steven Weinberg

 

 

 

 

1980

James Cronin

Paul Berg

Baruj Benacerraf

Czeslaw Milosz

Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

 

Val Fitch

Walter Gilbert

Jean Dausset

 

 

 

 

Frederick Sanger

George D. Snell

 

 

1981

Nicolaas Bloembergen

Kenichi Fukui

Roger Sperry

Elias Canetti

Hoher Flüchtlingskommissar der Vereinten Nationen (UNHCR)

 

Arthur L. Schawlow

Roald Hoffmann

David H. Hubel

 

 

 

Kai Siegbahn

 

Torsten N. Wiesel

 

 

1982

Kenneth Wilson

Aaron Klug

Sune Bergström

Gabriel García Márquez

Alva Myrdal

 

 

 

Bengt I. Samuelsson

 

Alfonso García Robles

 

 

 

John R. Vane

 

 

1983

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Henry Taube

Barbara McClintock

William Golding

Lech Walesa

 

William A. Fowler

 

 

 

 

1984

Carlo Rubbia

Bruce Merrifield

Niels K. Jerne

Jaroslav Seifert

Desmond Tutu

 

Simon van der Meer

 

Georges J. F. Köhler

 

 

 

 

 

Cesar Milstein

 

 

1985

Klaus von Klitzing

Herbert A. Hauptman

Michael S. Brown

Claude Simon

Internationale Ärzte für die Verhütung des Atomkriegs (IPPNW)

 

 

Jerome Karle

Joseph L. Goldstein

 

 

1986

Ernst Ruska

Dudley R. Herschbach

Rita Levi-Montalcini

Wole Soyinka

Elie Wiesel

 

Gerd Binnig

Yuan T. Lee

 

 

 

 

Heinrich Rohrer

John C. Polanyi

 

 

 

1987

Georg Bednorz

Donald J. Cram

Susumu Tonegawa

Joseph Brodsky

Oscar Arias Sánchez

 

K. Alex Müller

Jean-Marie Lehn

 

 

 

 

 

Charles J. Pedersen

 

 

 

1988

Leon M. Lederman

Johann Deisenhofer

James W. Black

Nagib Mahfuz

Friedenstruppen der Vereinten Nationen

 

Melvin Schwartz

Robert Huber

Gertrude B. Elion

 

 

 

Jack Steinberger

Hartmut Michel

George H. Hitchings

 

 

1989

Norman Ramsey

Sidney Altman

J. Michael Bishop

Camilo José Cela

Tenzin Gyatso (14. Dalai Lama)

 

Hans G. Dehmelt

Thomas R. Cech

Harold E. Varmus

 

 

 

Wolfgang Paul

 

 

 

 

1990

Jerome I. Friedman

Elias James Corey

Joseph E. Murray

Octavio Paz

Michail Gorbatschow

 

Henry W. Kendall

 

E. Donnall Thomas

 

 

 

Richard E. Taylor

 

 

 

 

1991

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes

Richard R. Ernst

Erwin Neher

Nadine Gordimer

Aung San Suu Kyi

 

 

 

Bert Sakmann

 

 

1992

Georges Charpak

Rudolph A. Marcus

Edmond H. Fischer

Derek Walcott

Rigoberta Menchú

 

 

 

Edwin G. Krebs

 

 

1993

Russell Hulse

Kary Mullis

Richard J. Roberts

Toni Morrison

Nelson Mandela

 

Joseph H. Taylor Jr.

Michael Smith

Phillip A. Sharp

 

Frederik Willem de Klerk

1994

Bertram Brockhouse

George A. Olah

Alfred G. Gilman

Kenzaburo Oe

Jassir Arafat

 

Clifford G. Shull

 

Martin Rodbell

 

Schimon Peres

 

 

 

 

 

Jitzchak Rabin

1995

Martin L. Perl

Paul J. Crutzen

Edward B. Lewis

Seamus Heaney

Jozef Rotblat

 

Frederick Reines

Mario J. Molina

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard

 

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

 

 

F. Sherwood Rowland

Eric F. Wieschaus

 

 

1996

David M. Lee

Robert F. Curl

Rolf Zinkernagel

Wislawa Szymborska

Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo

 

Douglas D. Osheroff

Harold Kroto

Peter Doherty

 

José Ramos-Horta

 

Robert C. Richardson

Richard E. Smalley

 

 

 

1997

Steven Chu

Paul D. Boyer

Stanley Prusiner

Dario Fo

Internationale Kampagne für das Verbot von Landminen

 

Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

John E. Walker

 

 

Jody Williams

 

William D. Phillips

Jens C. Skou

 

 

 

1998

Robert B. Laughlin

Walter Kohn

Robert F. Furchgott

Jose Saramago

John Hume

 

Horst L. Störmer

John Pople

Louis J. Ignarro

 

David Trimble

 

Daniel C. Tsui

 

Ferid Murad

 

 

1999

Gerardus ’t Hooft

Ahmed Zewail

Günter Blobel

Günter Grass

Ärzte ohne Grenzen

 

Martinus J. G. Veltman

 

 

 

 

2000

Schores I. Alfjorow

Alan J. Heeger

Arvid Carlsson

Gao Xingjian

Kim Dae-jung

 

Herbert Kroemer

Alan MacDiarmid

Paul Greengard

 

 

 

Jack Kilby

Hideki Shirakawa

Eric Kandel

 

 

2001

Eric A. Cornell

William S. Knowles

Leland H. Hartwell

V. S. Naipaul

Vereinte Nationen (UNO)

 

Wolfgang Ketterle

Ryoji Noyori

Tim Hunt

 

Kofi Annan

 

Carl E. Wieman

Barry Sharpless

Paul Nurse

 

 

2002

Raymond Davis Jr.

John B. Fenn

Sydney Brenner

Imre Kertesz

Jimmy Carter

 

Masatoshi Koshiba

Koichi Tanaka

H. Robert Horvitz

 

 

 

Riccardo Giacconi

Kurt Wüthrich

John E. Sulston

 

 

2003

Alexei A. Abrikossow

Peter Agre

Peter Mansfield

J. M. Coetzee

Shirin Ebadi

 

Witali L. Ginsburg

Roderick MacKinnon

 

 

 

 

Anthony J. Leggett

 

 

 

 

2004

David Gross

Aaron Ciechanover

Richard Axel

Elfriede Jelinek

Wangari Maathai

 

David Politzer

Avram Hershko

Linda B. Buck

 

 

 

Frank Wilczek

Irwin Rose

 

 

 

2005

Roy J. Glauber

Yves Chauvin

Barry Marshall

Harold Pinter

Internationale Atomenergie-Organisation

 

John L. Hall

Robert Grubbs

J. Robin Warren

 

Mohammed el-Baradei

 

Theodor Hänsch

Richard R. Schrock

 

 

 

2006

John C. Mather

Roger D. Kornberg

Andrew Z. Fire

Orhan Pamuk

Muhammad Yunus

 

George F. Smoot

 

Craig Mello

 

Grameen Bank

2007

Albert Fert

Gerhard Ertl

Mario Capecchi

Doris Lessing

Weltklimarat (IPCC)

 

Peter Grünberg

 

Martin Evans

 

Al Gore

 

 

 

Oliver Smithies

 

 

2008

Yoichiro Nambu

Osamu Shimomura

Harald zur Hausen

Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio

Martti Ahtisaari

 

Makoto Kobayashi

Martin Chalfie

Francoise Barre-Sinoussi

 

 

 

Toshihide Maskawa

Roger Tsien

Luc Montagnier

 

 

2009

Charles Kuen Kao

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Elizabeth Blackburn

Herta Müller

Barack Obama

 

Willard S. Boyle

Thomas A. Steitz

Carol W. Greider

 

 

 

George E. Smith

Ada Yonath

Jack Szostak

 

 

2010

Andre Geim

Richard F. Heck

Robert Edwards

Mario Vargas Llosa

Liu Xiaobo

 

Konstantin Novoselov

Ei-ichi Negishi

 

 

 

 

 

Akira Suzuki

 

 

 

2011

Saul Perlmutter

Dan Shechtman

Bruce Beutler

Tomas Tranströmer

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

 

Adam Riess

 

Jules Hoffmann

 

Leymah Gbowee

 

Brian P. Schmidt

 

Ralph M. Steinman

 

Tawakkol Karman

2012

Serge Haroche

Robert Lefkowitz

John Gurdon

Mo Yan

Europäische Union (EU)

 

David Wineland

Brian Kobilka

Shin’ya Yamanaka

 

 

2013

Francois Englert

Martin Karplus

James Rothman

Alice Munro

Organisation für das Verbot chemischer Waffen

 

Peter Higgs

Michael Levitt

Randy Schekman

 

 

 

 

Arieh Warshel

Thomas Südhof

 

 

2014

Isamu Akasaki

Eric Betzig

John O’Keefe

Patrick Modiano

Kailash Satyarthi

 

Hiroshi Amano

Stefan W. Hell

May-Britt Moser

 

Malala Yousafzai

 

Shuji Nakamura

William E. Moerner

Edvard Moser

 

 

2015

Takaaki Kajita

Tomas Lindahl

William C. Campbell

Swetlana Alexijewitsch

Quartet du dialogue national

 

Arthur B. McDonald

Paul Modrich

Satoshi Omura

 

 

 

 

Aziz Sancar

Tu Youyou

 

 

2016

David J. Thouless

Jean-Pierre Sauvage

Yoshinori Osumi

Bob Dylan

Juan Manuel Santos

 

F. Duncan M. Haldane

J. Fraser Stoddart

 

 

 

 

J. Michael Kosterlitz

Bernard L. Feringa

 

 

 

2017

Rainer Weiss

Jacques Dubochet

Jeffrey C. Hall

Kazuo Ishiguro

Internationale Kampagne zur Abschaffung von Atomwaffen

 

Barry Barish

Joachim Frank

Michael Rosbash

 

 

 

Kip Thorne

Richard Henderson

Michael W. Young

 

 

2018

Arthur Ashkin

George P. Smith

James P. Allison

Olga Tokarczuk

Denis Mukwege

 

Gérard Mourou

Gregory P. Winter

Tasuku Honjo

 

Nadia Murad

 

Donna Strickland

Frances H. Arnold

 

 

 

2019

James Peebles

John Goodenough

William G. Kaelin

Peter Handke

Abiy Ahmed Ali

 

Michel Mayor

M. Stanley Whittingham

Peter J. Ratcliffe

 

 

 

Didier Queloz

Akira Yoshino

Gregg L. Semenza